Four of Indonesia’s rivers (Brantas, Solo, Serayu, and Progo) rank among the world’s top 20 polluting rivers (Brantas, Solo, Serayu, and Progo). According to Indonesian Environment and Forestry Minister H.E. Siti Nurbaya, some 9.8 billion plastic bags are used in Indonesia each year, and almost 95 percent of these plastic bags end up as waste.

In 2018 Indonesia launched a national action plan, pledging up to USD $1 billion to reduce the waste in its waters by 70 percent by 2025. Fajar Budiyono, Secretary-General of the Indonesian Olefin, Aromatic and Plastic Industry Association (Inaplas), says average plastic consumption in Indonesia is around 21-22 kilogram per individual per year.

Every day, Indonesia generates 175,000 tons of waste and about 14% or 24,500 tons a day of plastics.
Currently 81% of waste in Indonesia is unsorted; making it difficult to recycle, causing plastic waste to end up in landfills or the ocean. Given that plastic generally takes hundreds of years to degrade, this waste will affect generations to come and economically impinges on Indonesian industries such as tourism.

The Indonesian government has pledged to reduce the number of marine debris by 70% by 2025.

The global plastic to fuel technology market is forecast to reach USD 2.33 Billion by 2026 and plastic to fuel technology is now gaining traction in the global energy industry.